Chloromycetin (also called Paraxin) works as an antimicrobial for treating serious infections that include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis. Streptococcus pneumoniae primarily spreads through the air in the form of aerosol droplets from coughing and sneezing and causes several different types of infection, including ear infections and pneumonia. Haemophilus influenzae is not the ‘flu’, but a highly contagious bacterium that can be transmitted through direct contact with the infected person. Meningococcal disease is any disease caused by the bacteria known as Neisseria meningitidis and is passed through close contact with an infected person.
When taken as directed, Chloromycetin or generic Chloramphenicol will penetrate the bacterial cell wall and bind to select parts of the bacterium’s genetic code (RNA). This action reduces the production of new proteins that are essential for the cells to grow and multiply. Chloromycetin is bacteriostatic against most bacterium, meaning it does not kill them but renders them unable to multiply. However, for Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis, Chloromycetin (Chloramphenicol) works as a bactericidal drug, meaning it kills the bacteria. The generic alternative is not manufactured by the company that makes the brand product.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pneumococcal disease that includes an infection in the middle ear, sinuses, lung, bloodstream, or the membranes called meninges that cover your brain and spinal cord. Haemophilus influenzae more often affects your lungs and sinuses but can cause severe infection in your brains, bones, and blood. The most common strain is Haemophilus influenzae type B with infants and children under 10 years old being at the highest risk of infection. Neisseria meningitidis can cause meningococcal disease, a serious bacterial infection of your bloodstream or meninges. All of these infections can be avoided with early vaccinations where available.
Ask your doctor if Chloromycetin is safe to take while you are pregnant, may become pregnant, or are nursing. To determine if Chloramphenicol is the right medication for you, discuss other medical conditions and allergies with your doctor and list any current OTC or Rx drugs you take or use, including herbal remedies and dietary or vitamin supplements.
Until you know how Chloromycetin will affect you, avoid operating a vehicle, machinery, or performing any tasks considered unsafe if you are not alert. Do not start, stop, or alter your dosage of this or any medications as it could affect how Chloramphenicol generic or brand reacts in your body.