Cosopt contains Dorzolamide HCl and Timolol Maleate and is prescribed to treat those with glaucoma or ocular hypertension to reduce the pressure in their eye(s). Due to the fact that glaucoma can progress slowly, many individuals are unaware there is a problem until the damage to vision occurs and is most likely permanent. This is why it’s so important to maintain regular ophthalmic appointments as a preventative measure for protecting your sight.
Once instilled in the affected eye or eyes, Dorzolamide works to block a particular enzyme called carbonic anhydrase which controls fluid secretion within your eye. This reduces intraocular pressure to reduce the risk of vision loss.
Timolol is known as a beta-blocker. By blocking the beta receptors in your eye, production of the aqueous humor is decreased, helping to lower pressure in a different way. You will require a prescription to purchase Cosopt or the generic alternative Dorzolamide HCl/Timolol Maleate. The generic alternative is not manufactured by the company that makes the brand product.
Glaucoma may occur if the fluid in your eye is draining out more slowly than the fluid (aqueous humor) being pumped in. This causes pressure to build in your eye and could cause vision loss or impairment as your optic nerve becomes damaged from the pressure building inside. Without a diagnosis or treatment, the first indication that something is wrong will be a loss of peripheral vision. Cosopt cannot repair any damage that has already occurred, but it can help slow the progression of glaucoma and can help restore normal pressure in your eyes.
You should tell your doctor if you are dealing with heart failure, moderate to severe heart block, COPD or history of asthma. Explain other OTC and Rx drugs , and herbal or dietary supplements you currently take or use to your doctor and be certain you list any current allergies and medical conditions you have before using Cosopt. This can determine if your doctor believes Cosopt is the best medication for you.
Cosopt will temporarily impair your vision so do not attempt to drive or take part in any task that requires you to have proper vision until the effects of this medicine has worn off. If you are a contact lens wearer, they should be removed before administering the Cosopt drops as Dorzolamide contains benzalkonium chloride which may be absorbed by the contacts and cause damage. Your doctor will tell you how long to wait after administering Cosopt before wearing your contacts.