Glucotrol is a sulfonylurea medication prescribed for treating those with type 2 diabetes to keep their blood sugar in check. Type 2 diabetics may still be able to produce insulin but possibly not enough to control glucose levels or your body is unable to use it properly so glucose is not being removed from your blood sufficiently enough. Glucotrol is not prescribed to those with type 1 diabetes.
When taken as instructed, Glucotrol or generic Glipizide triggers an increase of calcium concentrations inside the beta cells of your pancreas and sets off the release of insulin. The insulin then removes sugar (glucose) from your blood and reduces the amount of sugar your liver produces. This sugar is then stored in cells until you need it for energy. There is no cure for diabetes but taking Glucotrol can help blood glucose from rising and avoiding other health risks that can develop. The generic alternative is not manufactured by the company that makes the brand product.
If you have a family history of diabetes, you should be eat healthier, exercise, stop smoking, and have your blood checked often so you can possibly avoid becoming diabetic. Taking Glucotrol can help control your blood sugar levels but it still needs your co-operation to live healthier. You will need to take Glucotrol as a long-term medication and as time goes on, possibly require other drugs as your pancreas may stop producing insulin altogether. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Make sure your doctor is aware of other medical conditions you have and list any current Rx drugs and over the counter medicine you take or use, including vitamin supplements and homeopathic remedies. Ask about the safety of taking Glucotrol while you are pregnant, if you are trying to conceive, or you are breast feeding.
You should not skip meals while taking Glucotrol as it causes your beta cells to produce insulin all day long. If you have not eaten, your insulin will process whatever glucose is in your body and possibly cause hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. You will need regular blood tests to be sure your dosage of Glucotrol is correct. Do not try to adjust your medication yourself, always speak with your doctor first.
Inform any medical staff that you are taking Glucotrol as you may receive other instructions if you are scheduled for a dental or surgical procedure and are required to fast overnight. You should also know what to do if you are sick and cannot eat anything or take your daily medications.