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To make eye examinations easier for you and the ophthalmologist, you may be administered Mydriacyl Eye Drops to cause your pupils to dilate or widen so your eyeball can be explored better. Your vision can change over time so it’s important to undergo regular eye exams according to your age, ethnicity, and if you have any special risks that can affect your sight. The older you are, the more often an exam should be done with dilation as this can detect any changes in the pressure inside your eye that could cause glaucoma and possible loss of sight if not diagnosed and treated in time.
The active ingredient in Mydriacyl Eye Drops is called Tropicamide, an anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) drug that dilates your pupil and relaxes eye muscles for an examination or pre-operatively if you are undergoing eye surgery. Once instilled in your eyes, Tropicamide works in the muscles of your eye to block the muscarinic receptors, which are involved with controlling pupil size and lens shape. This action results in your pupils dilating so the ophthalmologist can view your retina, optic disc, and other structures in the back of your eyeball.
You may be surprised what health issues your eye exam can reveal to the ophthalmologist. If the small capillaries in your retina are leaking blood or a yellow fluid, you may have diabetic retinopathy as a result of high glucose levels; high blood pressure can show as bends or kinks in the blood vessels in your eye; inflammation may be a sign of an autoimmune disease; your cornea may appear yellowish or have a yellow ring around it that could be a sign your cholesterol levels are high. Your eyes can also indicate tumors, thyroid disease, and even skin cancer.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast feeding to be certain of any risks from Mydriacyl Eye Drops to your unborn or nursing baby. Explain other medical conditions and allergies you have to your doctor and list any OTC and Rx drugs you currently take or use, including supplements and alternative medicine so it can be determined if Mydriacyl Eye Drops are safe for you.
Your vision will be impaired for 4-6 hours so someone will need to drive you to and from your eye appointment. Sunlight will be bothersome as your pupils are dilated so wear sunglasses and take extra care getting around until the effects of Tropicamide wears off. Do not wear your contact lenses for at least 15 minutes after Mydriacyl Eye Drops have been administered.