Hyzaar or generic Losartan/HCTZ is an Rx medicine that is prescribed to treat high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. There are seldom any indicators that you even have hypertension and it’s usually through a physical exam that it’s discovered. Once diagnosed, your doctor may prescribe Hyzaar as it contains two active ingredients, Losartan and Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). The generic alternative is not manufactured by the company that makes the brand product.
Losartan is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) that works by stopping the actions of a powerful chemical that causes smooth muscle cells to contract which constricts your blood vessels and drives up your blood pressure as your heart works overtime.
HCTZ (Hydrochlorothiazide) is a diuretic that removes excess water from your body by acting on a specific part of your kidneys where salt is absorbed. This action promotes urination as a way to flush out excess water and salt and helps to widen your blood vessels so your blood flow is not forced through narrowed passageways. This reduces your blood volume so there’s less strain on your heart as it pumps blood around your body.
Hypertension, if left undiagnosed or untreated, can lead to a heart attack or stroke and is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease. There are several factors known to increase your blood pressure which include obesity, problems with alcohol, a diet high in sodium, and stress. If hypertension runs in your family, there is a higher chance that you will have it as well. Even just having this small bit of knowledge can help you to decide to lose weight, eat healthy, stop smoking, and limit your alcohol and caffeine intake. Some individuals may require long-term help from Hyzaar regardless of diet and lifestyle. Hyzaar is not a cure for hypertension but it can help you avoid other health risks by lowering your blood pressure.
Go over your medical history with your physician so it can be determined if Hyzaar or generic Losartan/HCTZ is the right medicine for you. List any OTC and Rx medication you are taking and remember to include herbal remedies and dietary or vitamin supplements. Combining certain drugs can change how they work in your body or affect their efficacy. Ask your doctor if Hyzaar is safe to take if you are pregnant, trying to conceive, or are breast feeding.
Until you know how your body will react to Hyzaar, refrain from driving or involving yourself in any activity that requires you to be alert. In rare cases, Hyzaar can cause a condition which results in the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, leading to kidney failure. Call your doctor right away if you have unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness especially if you also have fever, unusual tiredness, and dark colored urine.